An Analysis of Farmers’ Challenges and Prospects for Food Self-Sufficiency in Ngoketunjia Division


Dr. Ibrahim Menkeh Muafueshiangha
Dr. Mary Mandiringana


Agriculture is widely recognized as the economic backbone of the majority of developing nations, where farmers face numerous challenges in their efforts to increase output. This study aimed to examine the challenges faced by farmers and explore the potential for achieving food self-sufficiency in the Ngokentunjia division, Cameroon. Utilizing a quantitative survey research design, 300 questionnaires were randomly distributed to sampled farmers, with 285 returning completed forms. The data gathered was analyzed using IBM's SPSS and presented in charts and percentages, revealing that farmers in the northwestern region of Cameroon contend with various obstacles. These include financial constraints, insect and disease infestations, adverse weather conditions, price inflation, cultural issues, poor farm roads, and a lack of storage facilities for their produce. To mitigate some of these challenges, the study recommends the implementation of a buffer stock mechanism by the government to help limit price fluctuations and the development of a meteorological station to aid farmers in forecasting weather conditions in advance, given that adverse weather can lead to erosion and road degradation. Expanding on the study's recommendations, incorporating carbon credit initiatives, sustainability practices, and green finance can further bolster the agricultural sector's resilience and productivity. Engaging in carbon credit schemes allows farmers to earn additional revenue by adopting practices that capture or reduce greenhouse gases, thus contributing to climate change mitigation efforts. Simultaneously, promoting sustainability in agricultural operations can enhance long-term environmental health and food security. Green finance emerges as a pivotal tool in this context, offering necessary funding for the adoption of sustainable technologies and practices, the development of climate-resilient infrastructure, and the facilitation of carbon credit projects. These integrated approaches not only address immediate challenges faced by farmers but also align with broader goals of environmental stewardship, economic sustainability, and the advancement of food self-sufficiency in developing regions.