Effects of Stakeholders' Non-participation on Sustainability of Water Projects in Kenya


Charles Kyale Kisumbi
Bernard Nassiuma


Water projects in Africa face numerous challenges resulting in their inability to satisfy community basic water needs. This study investigated the effects of stakeholder non-participation on sustainability of water projects in Makueni County Kenya. Perennial water shortages in Makueni County despite a proliferation of community water projects is an issue of concern. The Arnstein's Ladder Theory of Citizen Participation was adopted to guide this study. Data was captured using a self-administered questionnaire and interview guide. A sample of 121 respondents was selected using a systematic sampling technique. Correlation and regression were the main analyses tools used in the study. Findings indicate that stakeholder Non-participation and water projects sustainability had a positive significant relationship (p=0.005).A regression F-test of the two variables was significant (R²=0.095, p=0.016). This study recommends community participation in water projects implementation.