Carbon Sequestration Scenario's From World's Forests To Indian Forest Ecosystem-A Review Study On Approaches In Nature Conservation


Ishan Y. Pandya


Photosynthesis is the unique mechanism through which carbon transforms in various parts of the plant body and store by a biochemical process in the plant's body in the form of organic matter which is called as biomass. These biomass are mainly compartmentalized in above ground biomass (AGB) and below ground biomass (BGB) in all existing flora species in the ecosystem. AGB includes tree parts above the land/surface like trunk, leaves, main or secondary branches, fruits and flowers etc. while BGB includes roots. Soils are largest carbon reservoir in the forest ecosystem, which supports the plant growth. Today, human inducing activities have been upgraded the concentration of atmospheric carbon in the form of carbon dioxide which resulted in Global warming. Our main objective of present review study is to explore innovative ideas for nature and biodiversity conservation and enlighten on the possible approaches made by Scientists and Researchers of various fields. The present study is a small assortment of different biomass methods, which will cooperate to estimate the carbon budget in the ecosystem. The study is also giving exposure on the role of Indian Forests in carbon sequestration in International arena.