Trends And Problems Of Municipal Solid Waste Management In The District Of Balasore, Odisha And Prospects For A Sustainable Development


Ramesh Chandra Sahoo
Debashrita Sahoo
Jharana Sahoo
Sunand Chandra Pradhan


Municipal solid waste management has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing environmental protection agencies in the small townships of a developing country like India. This study presents the current solid waste management practices and problems in the district of Balasore Odisha. Solid waste management is characterized by inefficient collection methods, insufficient coverage of the collection system and improper disposal. Solid waste management deals with the way resources are used as well as with end-of-life deposition of materials in the waste stream. Often complex decisions are made regarding ways to collect, recycle, transport, and dispose of municipal solid waste (MSW) that affect cost and environmental releases. On the other hand, technologies like mechanical sorting, or disposal of MSW in landfills do not really improve MSW management efficiency. Landfills should become the ultimate disposal site of a few inert residuals from MSW valorization. Despite all this, conventional landfills for disposal of mixed MSW are still being constructed, with landfill site selection being a major social problem due to the lack of public acceptance; objectivity in landfill site selection is therefore extremely important. The study suggested study of institutional, political, social, financial, economic and technical aspects of municipal solid waste management in order to achieve sustainable and effective solid waste management in the small township of Balasore. We conclude that there is a real need for rational MSW management based on high quality scientific input.