Purchase Pattern of Consumers for Consumer Durables along with Preference towards Organized Unorganized Retail formats From Supply Chain Management Perspective


Chanduji Thakor


Before the liberalization of the Indian economy, only a few companies like Kelvinator, Godrej, Alwyn, and Voltas were the major players in the consumer durables market, accounting for no less than 90% of the market. Then, after the liberalization, foreign players like LG, Sony, Samsung, Whirlpool, Daewoo, and Aiwa came into the picture. Today, these players control the major share of the consumer durables market. Consumer durables market is expected to grow at 10-15% in 2007-2008, It is growing very fast because of rise in living standards, easy access to consumer finance, and wide range of choice, as many foreign players were entering in the market with the increase in income levels, easy availability of finance, increase in consumer awareness, and introduction of new models, the demand for consumer durables has increased significantly. However, there were still Very few players in categories like vaccum cleaners, and dishwashers Consumer durables sector is characterized by the emergence of MNCs, exchange offers, discounts, and intense competition. The market share of MNCs in consumer durables sector is 65%. MNC's major target is the growing middle class of India. MNCs offer superior technology to the Consumers whereas the Indian companies compete on the basis of firm grasp of the local market, their well acknowledged brands, and hold over wide distribution network. However, the penetration Level of the consumer durables is still low in India. Indian Consumer durables market used to be dominated by few domestic players like Godrej, Voltas, Alwyn and Kelvinator. But post liberalization many foreign companies have entered into Indian market dethroning the Indian players and dominating Indian market the major categories being CTV, REFRIGFATOR, MICROWAVE OVEN and WASHING MACHINES. India being the second largest growing economy with huge consumer class has resulted in consumer durables as the fastest growing industries in India. LG, SAMSUNG the two Korean companies have been maintaining the lead in the market with LG being leader in almost all the categories, The rural market is growing faster than the urban market, although the penetration level is much lower. The CTV segment is expected to the largest contributing segment to the overall growth of the industry, The rising income levels double-income families and consumer awareness were the main growth drivers of the industries.